People can have two types of problems:
- The pancreas becomes unable to produce enough insulin.
- Cells become insulin resistant wing cannot assimilate glucose.
There are three known forms of diabetes:
- Diabetes mellitus
- Gestational Diabetes
- Diabetes Insipidus
It was named for the sweet feature that gives the high level of glucose into the urine and recognized two major forms of diabetes mellitus:
1. The type I or insulin dependent also known as juvenile diabetes.
2. The type II or non- insulin dependent diabetes is known in adult and occurs mainly in adults.
Diabetes Type I:
In this form of diabetes, the pancreas is unable to produce insulin or because the cells responsible for this are damaged or are unable to produce it. 75% of Type I diabetics have developed antibodies against its own cells in the pancreas and is believed to occur by viral infections such as hepatitis, whooping cough, rubella, herpes and others. It has also been observed that some diabetics develop antibodies to albumin from the milk of cow which react against the cells of the pancreas to produce insulin.
As a result of this disease, the glucose or sugar in the blood accumulates because it cannot be assimilated by the cells
Type I Diabetes may also be related to inheritance, meaning that if you have family members who have suffered from the same disease you are more likely to have it.
People who suffer from excessive thirst usually does because your body spends excessive glucose from the blood into the urine, and this in turn has to leave the body that causes you to urinate frequently and lose a lot of fluids in the process. With what may have been dehydration, excessive thirst and hunger because their tissues are not receiving the necessary energy and generally lose weight, most often very thin and also with very low levels of energy and vitality.
If your body is not producing enough insulin then this has to be injected especially when sugar foods generate the maximum tolerable level.
Type II Diabetes
It usually occurs in middle age, the hassles are often the same as those of Type I except weight loss. In these people is very common even overweight.
In this type of diabetes the pancreas still produce insulin but sometimes not very efficiently, but the main problem is that cells become resistant to the action of insulin and therefore cannot absorb glucose produced food intake when it is found in the blood. Fortunately in most cases this type of diabetes can be controlled with proper diet, exercise and weight control. But when a diabetic does not have control over his diet, then it may come to a point when insulin administration required.
It occurs in pregnant women and is a temporary condition. It is characterized by excessive thirst that is unusual during pregnancy. It is associated with pre-pregnancy, obesity and poor eating habits. After the pregnancy the problem goes away, however it is a fact that in the next pregnancy there is a high percentage chance of developing this problem again. Is usually controlled by diet although in extreme cases may require insulin.
This type of diabetes is rare and has to do rather with an imbalance in the pituitary gland. Their complaints are very similar to those presented in diabetes mellitus. But medical treatment is different although controlled sugar levels are essential so again nutrition plays a very important role.