The famous Botox, the brand name referred to the use of botulinum toxin for therapeutic and aesthetic purposes is one of the most popular treatments among women as it provides an immediate result, is easy and fast application, painless and does not bring economic side effects or collateral damage.
What is botulinum toxin?
It is a protein toxin produced by bacteria called Clostridium botulinium. While this bacterium produces many different types of toxins, it is mostly used for therapeutic purposes for over 20 years.
The Botox is used in small amounts on facial wrinkles and expression lines and it does not spread to the rest of the body and so it has no effect on other areas of the body.
Botulinum toxins, like other toxin, derivatives such as penicillin, are not dangerous to humans and after careful preparation and purification for medicinal use has FDA approval in the United States.
Where and how to use?
The Botox is placed mostly on the lines or crow’s feet around the eyes and frown lines which are lines of expression that occur in the skin as a result of performing the same gesture on muscle movement a thousand of times like smiling or when you chew your food.
It is very safe especially if the procedure is performed by a plastic surgeon because doctors know perfectly well the anatomy and muscles of the face.
While no significant adverse effects, the area may be slightly swollen after application of Botox and the person may experience occasional headaches and even nausea after the procedure but it passes away after a few hours.
How does Botox works?
Wrinkles and fine lines are produced in gesture and when you show emotions through your face again and again whether sadness, anger, laughter or joy. Our brain sends the order to move the face muscles to express that emotion and releases a neurotransmitter called acetylcholine which acts as a messenger for the muscles to contract.
Botox blocks the neurotransmitter and therefore no muscle contraction is commanded and everything remains intact preventing the formation of wrinkles. As the muscles are at rest or inactive, the overlying skin and begin to relax and expression lines disappear progressively. Also by not moving in that area prevents the appearance of new wrinkles in the area.
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How is Botox Applied?
It is a procedure that takes about 10 minutes and is performed in the doctor’s office. It is very important that the practitioner that will perform the procedure is experienced enough to get the results you wanted as there are people who needs more botulinum in various parts of the face.
Once applied, the first results are between 48 and 72 hours. However, the actual effects start showing after 5 or 10 days after application and will last 4 to 6 months depending on the individual patient.
Approximately 90 percent of patients responds well to treatment with Botox and in some cases if resistant muscles, may require reinjection for the finishing touches. Many patients report less pain with Botox with collagen filling. If you feel pain, it can be reduced by local application of ice and taking some analgesic.
What to do after using Botox?
- It is important not to lie and maintain an upright position for about 4 hours after treatment.
- Do not touch or massage the treated areas.
- Try muscle contraction exercises of the treated areas every 15 minutes for about 2-4 hours after infiltration, it will help promote the distribution of the toxin.
Who should not apply Botox?
- Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding
- People with neuromuscular ISEASE.
- Allergic to human albumin.
- Allergy to botulinum toxin.
- People who have taken alcohol or aspirin in the last week before treatment
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